Marrakesh is known as the ‘Red City’ or ‘Ochre City.’

Much of its color comes from local red sandstone used in building construction.

Although flat, it is located close to the foothills of the snow-capped Atlas Mountains and a gorgeous view of the mountains can be seen from the South.

Originally a community of Berber farmers, this area evolved into a city almost 1000 years ago.

It became the Capital City of the region and was ruled by 4 different dynasties over the next 4 centuries.

In the 16th century, it became the Capital of the Kingdom of Morocco and is now known as one of the 4 Imperial Cities of Morocco.

So much to see in Marrakech! Djeema el Fna Square, now on UNESCO’s World Heritage list, is one of the highlights of a trip to Marrakech. It is lively at any hour of the day or night.

The Souks can be found north of the Square and varied types of handiwork, from carpets to woodwork and silver to marble, can be found there.

The former palaces of the Sultans, which have been rebuilt and restored, are full of history and have a long story to tell.

Other areas of interest are the Koutoubia Mosque which is the largest mosque in Marrakech and located SW of the Medina, and the Majorelle Garden, a botanical garden designed by expatriate artist Jacques Majorelle in the 1920’s.

In 1980, Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Berge, bought the Garden and, in doing so, preserved it for posterity. It now houses a Berber museum. The Garden is now in trust.